ANXIETY DISORDERS – What are they?

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety Disorders are very different than the type of anxiety that warn us from danger. In addition, there are many types of anxiety disorders. Generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, specific phobias, agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder and separation anxiety disorder are just a few types of anxiety disorders. Anxiety can indicate awareness to dangers and can be a healthy warning sign to draw our attention to a threat. An anxiety disorders differs from feelings of nervousness or anxiousness, and involve excessive fear or anxiety. Today many people struggle with anxiety disorders at some point in their lives. Soothing anxiety that involves excessive fear can sometimes lead to alcohol & drug addiction, process addictions and other live debilitating behaviors. Treatment is the most effective way for most people lead normal productive lives.


Anxiety Disorders – Symptoms

Symptoms of anxiety can vary. When anxiety disorders involve panic attacks, symptoms are most intense. Symptoms can include:

  • Avoiding situations that trigger or worsen symptoms
  • Decreased job or school work performance
  • Damaged personal relationships
  • Impair ability to function
  • Types of Anxiety Disorders
  • Persistent and excessive worry
  • Restlessness, feeling on edge
  • Easily fatigued
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Muscle tension
  • Problems sleeping.


WHEN AN ANXIETY DISORDER BECOMES PANIC

Panic Disorder

Panic disorders are a combination of overwhelming physical and psychological distress. While some with severe anxiety disorders may experience some of these symptoms in a milder form from time to time, during a panic attack several of these symptoms occur at the same time:

  • Pounding heart or rapid heart rate that can include palpitations and/or chest pain
  • Sweating, chills or hot flashes
  • Trembling or shaking, feeling detached
  • Feeling of shortness of breath or smothering sensations, feeling dizzy, light-headed or faint
  • Feeling of choking, nausea or abdominal pains
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Fear of losing control, fear of dying

Some who experience panic attacks may believe they are having a heart attack or other life-threatening illness. They  may go to a hospital ER because the symptoms are so intense. In addition, panic attacks may occur with other mental disorders such as depression or PTSD.


DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT

It is important to see a qualified doctor. If you are diagnosed with an Anxiety or Panic disorder getting the appropriate treatment in the recommended level of care is ideal. Medications may be necessary to provide some relief in order to begin treatment. Adequate providers would be less inclined to prescribe benzodiazepine medications as it can limit access to feeling states during therapy. In addition, they can be addictive and cause anxiety. The most commonly used medications are anti-anxiety medications (generally prescribed only for a short period of time) and antidepressants. Finally, Beta-blockers, used for heart conditions, are sometimes used to control physical symptoms of anxiety.

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